UK Civil Partnership Visa vs. Fiance Visa

UK Civil Partnership Visa vs. Fiance Visa: Everything You Need to Know

Bringing your partner to the UK is a journey filled with important decisions and steps. Among these, choosing the right visa for your partner is vital. This comprehensive guide will completely provide you insights of UK Civil Partnership Visa vs. Fiance Visa.

We will discuss these immigration routes in detail, their requirements, and how they differ so that you can make an informed decision. Let’s get started!

UK Civil Partnership Visa

The UK Civil Partnership Visa is an immigration pathway tailored for individuals in a civil partnership with British citizens, Irish nationals, or persons with other settled statuses in the UK. This visa category caters to those who are either planning to settle or are already residing in the UK with their partners. It’s comparable to a marriage visa or spouse visa. 

With a Civil Partnership Visa, you are granted the opportunity to live, work, and pursue education in the UK. Given for 2.5 years, this visa can be extended for another 2.5 years. After five years in the UK under this visa, applicants are qualified to apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR), paving the way for permanent residency.

Eligibility Criteria for Civil Partnership Visa

When considering a Civil Partnership Visa application, several key criteria must be met to ensure a successful process. These include.

Age Requirement

Both you and your partner must have celebrated at least 18 birthdays. This age requirement is a testament to the maturity and decision-making capacity needed to live together in a new country.

Partner’s Status in the UK

Your civil partner must either be a British or Irish national living in the UK, have indefinite leave to remain, settled status, or have particular visas such as the Turkish Businessperson or Turkish Worker visa. Additionally, partners with refugee leave or humanitarian protection status in the UK are also eligible to sponsor.

Legality of the Partnership

The civil partnership you share must be recognised as legal under UK law. This encompasses partnerships both within and, in certain cases, outside the UK, provided they align with the legal framework of the Civil Partnership Act 2004.

Genuine and Subsisting Relationship

Your relationship should stand on the pillars of genuineness and continuity. Any previous marriage must be concluded, and the current relationship shouldn’t fall under the prohibited degree of relationship. The Home Office looks for proof of a shared life, including cohabitation, financial ties, joint responsibilities, and plans to continue your partnership in the UK.

Financial Requirement

The financial threshold requirement for ALL family visas is now £29,000 as of April 11th, 2024. This will be followed by increases to £34,500 later in the year and then to £38,700 by early 2025. The UK government often changes this requirement. For the most up-to-date information on how to meet the new requirements, visit our page on family visa financial requirements or contact us directly.

If you have a child, you will need to add £3,800 for the first kid and £2,400 for each of the subsequent children. 

Housing Arrangements

Living arrangements are evaluated to ensure adequacy and compliance with UK standards. The home you plan to share should not be overcrowded and must meet public health regulations.

Language Proficiency

A smooth integration into life in the UK necessitates a certain level of English proficiency. This ensures you can integrate into the community and engage effectively in daily activities. Applicants must demonstrate English language proficiency, at least to the CEFR level A1, either by taking an authorised English language test or having a degree taught in English.

Read More: UK Civil Partnership Visa Documents Checklist

UK Fiancé Visa

The Fiancé Visa or proposed civil partner visa in the UK is a type of family visa designed for those who are engaged and planning to marry or enter into a civil partnership with a British national or someone settled in the UK. It essentially grants the fiancé(e) entry to the UK to tie the knot with their partner.

This visa is valid for six months, providing enough time to plan and celebrate your union. After marriage or civil partnership, it paves the way to apply for a Spouse or Civil Partner Visa, transitioning towards longer-term residency.

Eligibility Criteria for Fiancé Visa

Applying for a Fiancé Visa requires meeting certain criteria to ensure a successful application. These include: 

Age Requirement

Both you and your intended partner must be at least 18 years old. This age stipulation ensures that both parties are of legal age to make a significant life decision, such as marriage or entering into a civil partnership.

Partner’s Status in the UK

Your fiancé(e) must be either a British citizen or have permanent residence (Indefinite Leave to Remain or settled status)  in the UK. 

Intent to Marry or Form a Civil Partnership

A core requirement is the clear intent to tie the knot in the UK within six months of arriving. This visa is not a mere travel permit; it’s a commitment to transitioning your relationship into a legally recognised union within the UK.

Genuine Relationship

The authenticity of your relationship will be investigated. You must demonstrate that your engagement is not just a formal agreement but a genuine intention to marry or form a civil partnership. This might involve presenting evidence of your relationship history, engagement, and plans for your future together in the UK.

Financial Requirement

The financial criteria for all family visas in the UK is £29,000 as of April 11th 2024. Later in the year, it will rise once again to £34,500 later in the year and then to £38,700, as anticipated by early 2025. The UK government frequently updates these requirements. For the latest information and guidance on meeting these financial standards through income, savings, pensions, investments and more, read our dedicated page, or please contact us directly.

For those with children, there’s an additional £3,800 needed for the first child and £2,400 for each child thereafter. 

Also Read: How Much Does UK Fiance Visa Cost in 2024?

Accommodation Standards

Upon arrival, you must have suitable accommodation arranged. The UK Home Office expects you to have a living arrangement that is neither overcrowded nor breaches UK housing standards, providing a stable environment for your new life.

English Language Proficiency

As with other partner visas, command of the English language is vital. This requirement emphasises the importance of communication and integration into British society, facilitating a smoother transition into life in the UK. You can prove it by taking an authorised English language test. 

Read More: UK Fiance Visa Document Checklist

Key Differences Between Civil Partnership Visa and Fiancé Visa

The primary difference between the Civil Partnership Visa and the Fiancé Visa is the relationship status. The Civil Partnership Visa is intended for partners who are already in a recognised civil partnership or those in a relationship similar to marriage but not legally married. 

In contrast, the Fiancé Visa is specifically for those who are engaged and intend to marry or formalise their civil partnership within six months of entering the UK. 

The duration of each visa and what happens post-expiration also marks a significant difference. The Civil Partner Visa is typically granted for 2.5 years and can be extended for another 2.5 years, leading towards Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) eligibility.

The Fiancé Visa, on the other hand, is valid for only six months, as it is expected that the couple will marry or enter into a civil partnership in the UK within this period. After marriage or civil partnership, the holder can apply to switch to a Spouse Visa or a Civil Partnership Visa, which then follows a similar path to ILR.

Another key difference is work rights in the UK. Holders of the Civil Partner Visa have the right to work in the UK throughout the validity of their visa. However, individuals on a Fiancé Visa are not authorised to work in the UK. This restriction is based on the visa’s short-term nature and the specific purpose of marriage or civil partnership formation in the UK. 

Visa Application Process Overview

When applying for either a Civil Partnership or a Fiancé Visa, it’s crucial to approach the process with thorough preparation and a clear understanding of each step.

The initial phase involves filling out an online application form. Here, you’ll provide detailed personal information, insights about your relationship, and future plans in the UK. 

Following the online submission, the next important step is attending a biometric appointment. This is a standard procedure in the visa application process, where your biometric information is collected for identification purposes.

The visa fee for civil partners and fiance visa applications is £1,048 from within the UK and £1,846 from outside the UK. Processing times for both visas can vary, typically varying from a few weeks to a few months. It’s crucial to prepare accordingly, especially if you intend to relocate to the UK or have time-sensitive marriage plans.

If you’re uncertain about any part of the visa application process, seeking advice from a solicitor well-versed in immigration law is advisable. 

Ready to Begin Your Visa Journey? Let Spouse Visa Lawyers Guide You!

At Spouse Visa Lawyers, we understand the complexities and emotional significance of relocating to the UK to be with your partner or spouse. Whether you’re applying for a Fiancé Visa, seeking to marry your partner in the UK, or transitioning into a spouse or civil partner category, we’re here to guide you every step of the way.

Our expertise covers everything from meeting the requirements to ensuring your application is solid and well-equipped with the right documents. We are devoted to making your journey towards a prosperous life together in the UK. 

Contact us today and take the first step towards turning your plans into reality.

You Ask, We Answer

FAQs

A UK Civil Partnership Visa is for individuals who are in a civil partnership, while a Fiancé Visa is for those who are engaged to be married. The Civil Partnership Visa is for individuals already in a recognised civil partnership, allowing them to live in the UK. In contrast, the Fiancé Visa is for those intending to come to the UK as a fiancé for marriage within six months of arrival.

Couples are required to have a combined annual income of at least £18,600, a figure that will rise to £29,000 followed by increases to £38,700 by early 2025 . Alternatively, they can have savings of £62,500, which will increase to £112,750 . For families, an extra £3,800 is required for the first and £2,400 for each subsequent child.

Yes, after entering the UK on a Fiancé Visa, you can do this to remain in the UK if you meet the requirements for a spouse visa. This is contingent upon marrying in the UK within the Fiancé Visa’s six-month validity period.

To be eligible for the UK civil partner visa, you must be able to fulfil the requirements, such as genuine and recognised civil partnership, financial and English language requirements.

For a Fiancé Visa application, the authentic relationship requirement includes proving a committed and ongoing relationship. This involves evidence such as communication records, shared experiences, and plans for your future together in the UK, demonstrating the authenticity and seriousness of your engagement.

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Disclaimer

The information provided in our articles is intended solely for guidance and should not be considered legal advice. We do not assume responsibility for any liabilities arising from the information in written articles and recommend that all readers seek professional advice before taking any action. For those wishing to discuss their case with a professional, please feel free to contact us directly.

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