Reasons Behind Dependant Visa Refusal

What Are the Main Reasons Behind Dependant Visa Refusal?

Rejections on visa applications can be discouraging and extremely upsetting for those seeking to join family members in the UK on dependant visas. However, being aware of the possible grounds for rejection in advance helps to double the chances of getting a visa. 

In this guide, we will explore the preliminary causes of dependant visa refusals, offering helpful insights into the application details so that applicants may prepare themselves more effectively.

Overview of a Dependant Visa

A dependant visa is a crucial pathway for individuals wishing to join family members already residing in the UK. This visa category is for spouses, partners, children (under 18), and relatives seeking reunification. 

To apply, applicants must demonstrate a genuine relationship with the primary visa holder, fulfil specific financial requirements, and meet eligibility criteria established by the UK government. It’s important to note that the status of a dependent, such as a spouse or parent, is closely tied to that of the primary visa holder, determining their ability to remain in the UK. 

Extreme attention to detail and comprehensive preparation are necessary to handle the complexities of this visa category.  By diligently documenting their case and following all guidelines, applicants can significantly enhance their chances of success, facilitating a smooth transition to life in the UK with their families.

Primary Causes of Dependant Visa Rejection

Inadequate bank statements, a lack of verifiable relationships, proper documentation, and other requirements are common reasons you may receive dependant visa denials.  Here are some immediate reasons you should know:

Inadequate Documentation

Insufficient or incomplete documentation ranks among the top reasons for dependant visa rejections. Failure to present marriage, birth, or civil partnership certificates might result in application denial. Updating all documentation is critical, and it must be accurately filled out and fulfil the specified criteria outlined by the UK home office.

Insufficient Bank Statements

Another common cause of dependant visa rejection is inadequate financial evidence. Applications must prove the applicant’s financial ability to support themselves during the UK living period. This necessitates providing comprehensive bank statements showing sufficient funds to cover living expenses without relying on public funds or the primary visa holder’s income.

Lack of Genuine Relationship Evidence

Evidence of a genuine relationship between the applicant and the primary visa holder is paramount. These include photos, correspondence, financial commitments, and family and friend testimonials of the relationship. Failure to provide convincing evidence can raise doubts about the relationship’s legitimacy, leading to visa refusal.

Incomplete or Faulty Application Forms

Incomplete or incorrectly filled-out application forms can also result in visa rejection. To ensure precision and uniformity, finish all application form sections carefully. Any anomalies or omissions may cast suspicion on the applicant’s visa legality.

Association With Criminal Activities

Any involvement with criminal activities, including past convictions or pending charges, can significantly impact a dependant visa application. UK immigration authorities conduct thorough background checks, and any criminal record may lead to automatic refusal. It’s imperative to disclose any relevant information regarding criminal history and provide necessary documentation to mitigate concerns.

Insufficient Proof of Ties to Home Country

UK immigration authorities assess applicants’ ties to their home country to determine their intention to return after the visa expires. Lack of home ownership or family commitments may raise concerns about the applicant’s willingness to stay in the UK when the visa expires.

Lack of Clear Intentions and Plans

Applicants must demonstrate clear intentions and plans for their stay in the UK as a dependant visa holder. This includes outlining their reasons for joining the primary visa holder, detailing their proposed activities in the UK, and providing a comprehensive plan for their future. Failure to articulate clear intentions and plans may lead to doubts about the applicant’s motives, resulting in visa refusal.

How Does a Dependant Visa Appeal Process Work?

When faced with a refusal of a dependant visa application, applicants can seek recourse through the appeal process. This avenue allows for presenting additional evidence or clarifying any misunderstandings that may have led to the initial refusal. Here’s a precise analysis of the dependant visa appeal process:

  1. Review of Refusal Notice: Upon receiving a refusal notice, applicants should carefully scrutinise the reasons provided by UK immigration authorities. Understanding these grounds is crucial for crafting a compelling appeal.
  2. Submission of Appeal: Applicants must adhere to a specific timeframe to submit their appeal, typically outlined in the refusal notice. The appeal must be lodged using the appropriate forms and accompanied by any relevant supporting documentation.
  3. Appeal Hearing: Depending on the circumstances, the appeal decision may be resolved through a paper hearing or oral hearing. During the hearing, applicants can present their arguments to an immigration judge, who will analyse the facts and decide.
  4. Presentation of Evidence: Applicants must gather additional evidence or documentation to bolster their case during the appeal process. This may include updated financial statements, further proof of a genuine relationship, or any other pertinent information addressing the reasons for refusal.
  5. Decision: Following the appeal hearing, the immigration judge carefully considers all presented evidence before deciding. If the appeal succeeds, the visa refusal may be overturned, and the dependant visa may be granted. However, if unsuccessful, the refusal decision stands.

In some cases, applicants might look into additional options for challenging the final decision, like requesting legal review or resubmitting their application with new information. In this context, immigration lawyer expertise is exceedingly valuable. They offer expert help throughout the appeal process, from understanding the rejection letter to crafting a thorough appeal plan.

Get to know about: How to Apply for a Dependant Visa UK

Essential UK Dependant Visa Approval Criteria

In pursuing a UK Dependant Visa, attention to detail is imperative, especially concerning the documents required to support your application. Understanding the essential criteria is paramount for a successful outcome:

1. Eligibility Requirements

These are the basic requirements applicants must meet to qualify for a dependant visa. These include age restrictions, the nature of the relationship with the primary visa holder, and compliance with immigration laws. Understanding and fulfilling these parameters are essential for a smooth application process and eventual approval.

2. Relationship Verification

Verifying the relationship between the applicant and the primary visa holder is crucial.UK immigration officials examine the genuineness of the relationship using methods like marriage certificates, birth certificates, shared bank statements, and statements from family and friends. 

3. Financial Requirements

Financial prerequisites involve demonstrating the ability to support oneself financially while in the UK as a dependant visa holder. It can be done by showing bank statements with sufficient funds to cover living expenses independently.  

The financial requirement of a dependant visa will vary based on the immigration status of the primary visa holder. For example, the student-dependant visa applicant  needs to show the following:

  • £845 per month per dependant if the primary applicant attends a course in London. 
  • If the main applicant’s course is outside London, £680 per dependant is required.

Conversely, a skilled worker dependant visa applicant will be required to show:

  • Monthly £285 for one adult  and £315 for one child
  • Monthly £200 for each additional child 

Remember, dependants must have owned the required funds consistently for at least 28 days. They must wait 31 days after the 28th day to apply for this visa.

Also Read: What Are the Documents Required for Skilled Worker Dependant Visa UK

4. Accommodation Requirements

Applicants must arrange suitable accommodation in the UK as dependant visa holders. This may involve owning or renting property or arranging accommodation with the primary visa holder. Providing evidence of stable and adequate housing arrangements is essential to meet this criterion.

5. TB (Tuberculosis) Test

TB testing is necessary only for visas lasting over 6 months.  This test ensures applicants do not risk public health by entering the UK with active TB. Evidence of a negative TB test result is essential for visa approval and entry into the UK.

6. Application Procedures Overview

The application process involves completing the appropriate application form, gathering supporting documents such as proof of identity, relationship evidence, and financial statements, and submitting the application for review by UK immigration authorities.

7. Processing Durations and Charges

The processing duration and associated charges vary depending on factors such as nationality and the type of visa applied for. Effective planning and budgeting require a comprehensive understanding of the application procedure associated with processing times and fees.

Also Read: UK Tier 2 / Skilled Worker Dependant Visa Documents Checklist

Successful Application Tips for UK Dependant Visas

Securing a UK Dependant Visa demands meticulous planning and adherence to specific guidelines. Here are some concise yet invaluable tips to optimise your application’s success:

  • Apply early: Start the application procedure as quickly as possible to avoid delays and promptly address unexpected challenges. Early submission demonstrates your commitment and diligence to UK immigration authorities, setting a positive tone for the review process.
  • Verify all information and documents before submission: Thoroughly review all information and documents to ensure accuracy and completeness before submission. Any discrepancies or inaccuracies could jeopardise your application’s success, underscoring the importance of meticulous attention to detail.
  • Seek professional guidance if needed: Consider pursuing advice from proficient immigration professionals, particularly for complex cases or unfamiliar procedures. Their expertise can provide tailored advice and address any concerns, enhancing your application’s chances of approval.

Also Read: A Guide to UK Dependant Visa Fees in 2024

Seeking Support for Your Dependant Visa Application?

Navigating the complexities of a UK Dependant Visa application can be overwhelming. Nonetheless, you don’t need to tackle it alone. Our “Spouse Visa Lawyers” team of immigration experts is dedicated to providing you with precise, reliable, and expert assistance every step of the way. 

With our profound familiarity with UK immigration laws and proven track record of success, we ensure your application is flawless, increasing your chances of approval. Keep confidence in our knowledge to make things easier for you and assist you in reaching your purposes. Contact us today to take the stress out of your visa application

You Ask, We Answer


To get a dependant visa, you must be a family member or partner of a UK citizen or settled person. This includes spouses, partners, children, and elderly dependant relatives.

Yes, you can. Dependant visa holders are permitted to study in the UK without needing an additional student visa, provided the course does not extend beyond the validity of the dependant visa.

Previous visa refusals can impact a dependant visa application, raising concerns about your credibility as an applicant. Addressing any previous refusals transparently and providing additional supporting evidence to strengthen your current application is essential.

Yes, after living in the UK for a specified period, usually five years, dependant visa holders are eligible to apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) in the UK.

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The information provided in our articles is intended solely for guidance and should not be considered legal advice. We do not assume responsibility for any liabilities arising from the information in written articles and recommend that all readers seek professional advice before taking any action. For those wishing to discuss their case with a professional, please feel free to contact us directly.

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