Apply for an Adult Dependant Relative Visa UK

How to Apply for an Adult Dependant Relative Visa UK

Applying for an Adult Dependant Relative Visa, also known as a UK Parent Visa, is critical to bringing your parents to the UK. This visa allows a parent or grandparent to join their child living in the UK as a dependant. The application process involves specific eligibility criteria, detailed documentation, and a clear understanding of UK immigration laws. 

This guide will inform you of every detail necessary to ensure a successful visa application for your family member, regardless of whether you are applying from outside the UK or currently in the country.

Understanding the UK Adult Dependant Relative Visa

The UK Parent Dependant Visa is designed for parents or grandparents who need to join their child in the UK because they require long-term care that cannot be provided or afforded in their home country. This visa allows the dependent to live in the UK permanently, provided they meet all the eligibility criteria and their sponsoring family member can support them financially and provide the necessary care.

Also know about: Differences Between Family Visa and Dependant Visa in the UK

Eligibility Criteria

  • Relationship Requirement: The applicant must need long-term care from a child or grandchild living in the UK.
  • Application Location: Applications must be submitted from outside the UK unless an existing visa is extended.
  • Sponsor’s Status: The sponsoring relative must be:
    • A British or Irish citizen
    • Settled in the UK (e.g., holding indefinite leave to remain, settled status, or permanent residence)
    • An EU, EEA, or Swiss citizen with pre-settled status (having lived in the UK before 1 January 2021)
    • Holding refugee status or humanitarian protection in the UK
  • Care Requirements: Proof of needing long-term care for daily tasks due to age, illness, or disability
  • Age Requirement: The applicant must be 18 or older
  • Financial Stability: The sponsor must be able to accommodate and provide financial assistance to the applicant without depending on government aid.

Read about: Tier 2 Dependant Visa Work Eligibility UK [Guide]

Benefits of the Visa

The UK Parent Dependant Visa provides significant benefits for both the dependent parent and the sponsoring family member. 

Firstly, it allows the parent to permanently join their child in the UK, ensuring they receive the care and support they need. This can alleviate the emotional and physical stress on both the parent and the child, knowing that they are living together and can provide mutual support.

Additionally, the visa grants the parent access to healthcare and social services available in the UK, which can be vital for those with long-term health conditions. Being in the UK also allows the parent to participate in family activities and maintain close relationships, contributing positively to their overall well-being and quality of life.

Know about: How to Extend Dependant Visa UK [Guide]

How to Apply for a UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa for Your Parents

A UK Adult Dependent Relative Visa application necessitates precise documentation and involves a number of steps. Applications must be submitted online if they are from somewhere other than the UK. 

Fill out the VAF4A form and send in all the necessary paperwork. If you are currently in the United Kingdom, applications may be submitted online, by mail, or in person at a premium service center. If you want to apply in person, you must make an appointment first.

The application process is designed to ensure that only those who genuinely need long-term care from a family member in the UK can apply. Detailed documentation and evidence are crucial to prove the eligibility of both the applicant and the sponsoring family member. Below are the key documents needed for the application:

  • Current Passport or Travel ID: A valid passport or another form of travel identification.
  • Proof of Birth and Nationality: Documents such as a birth certificate to confirm the applicant’s date of birth and nationality.
  • Evidence of Relationship: Documents that establish the applicant’s attachment to the individual residing in the UK, such as a birth certificate.
  • Sponsor’s Status: Proof that the sponsor in the UK owns British or Irish nationality, settled status, EU pre-settled status, refugee status, or humanitarian security.
  • Medical Evidence: A comprehensive doctor’s note detailing the applicant’s long-term care needs.
  • Unavailability of Care: The applicant’s main doctor or healthcare provider must deliver a letter confirming that the necessary care is unavailable in their native country.
  • Affordability of Care: Evidence showing that the necessary care is pricey in the applicant’s home nation.
  • Financial Support and Accommodation: The sponsor must show they have enough money and housing to support the applicant without public funds. This encompasses information regarding income, housing expenses, and any care expenses. 

Each document plays a vital role in the visa application process, ensuring that the applicant’s needs are adequately met and that the sponsor can provide the necessary support. Appropriate preparation and submission of these records can significantly improve the likelihood of an application’s success.

Get to know about: Settling in the UK on a Dependant Visa: Explained

What Does an Adult Dependant Relative Visa Cost?

The cost to apply for an adult-dependent relative visa fluctuates based on several variables. The standard application cost is £3,250 for applicants not based in the UK and £1,048 for those within the UK. This fee is payable during the application period and is responsible for processing by UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI). 

It is important to note that this fee does not include other potential costs, such as the Immigration Health Surcharge, legal advice and representation, document certification and translation, travel costs for biometric appointments, courier fees, TB testing, or any additional documentation required.

For applicants whose benefactors hold protected rights in the UK, including asylum or refugee status, the application fee drops to £404 if you are applying from outside the UK. This reduced fee enables individuals with legal protection to transport their dependents to the UK without experiencing an excessive financial burden. Ensuring all fees are accurately calculated and paid is crucial for a successful visa application.

Also know about: What Are the Main Reasons Behind Dependant Visa Refusal?

How Much Is the Immigration Health Surcharge?

The Immigration Health Surcharge (IHS) is an obligatory fee for most visa applicants who plan to remain in the UK for over six months. This charge guarantees visa holders the same privileges as UK residents when using the National Health Service (NHS). 

The IHS costs £1,035, payable annually during the visa’s validity. For an Adult Dependent Relative Visa, typically granted for 5 years, the total surcharge would be £5,175, payable upfront.

This surcharge comes in addition to your visa application expense and must be paid during the application process. The IHS enables visa holders to obtain medical care without substantial additional expenses for most services. Budgeting for this surcharge when planning your visa application is important, as failure to pay the full amount can result in delays or rejection of the visa application.

Do My Parents Have to Meet the English Language Requirement?

Parents applying for an Adult Dependent Relative Visa must not meet the English language requirement at the initial application stage. However, if they later apply for settlement (indefinite leave to remain) in the UK, they will need to demonstrate English language proficiency unless they are exempt. This requirement applies to all adult applicants, but certain exemptions can apply based on age, health, or nationality.

For instance, applicants aged 65 or older, those with a medical condition preventing them from learning English, or those from specific English-speaking countries may be exempt. Additionally, Refugee applicants or individuals under humanitarian protection might be excused from the English proficiency prerequisite. 

It is essential to check these conditions carefully when planning for settlement to ensure compliance with UK immigration rules.

Do You Need Help With UK Parent Dependant Visa Application?

Managing every aspect of the UK Parent Dependant Visa application can be difficult. At Spouse Visa Lawyers, we offer full assistance and expert advice to ensure an effortless application procedure. Our services cover everything from initial consultation to final submission, providing peace of mind. Contact us today for reliable, professional assistance tailored to your specific needs.

You Ask, We Answer


The Adult Dependent Relative visa is the optimal choice for parents who require ongoing care that is unavailable or unaffordable in their country of origin. However, additional visa options are available to bring your parents to the UK, including the British Nationals (Overseas) visa, family visa, or multi-entry family visitor visa.

The Adult Dependant Relative Visa does not allow the visa holder to pursue employment or study in the UK. This visa is granted because the applicant requires care and support from a family member living in the UK. Therefore, it does not include provisions for employment or education.

If your parent’s Adult Dependent Relative Visa application is rejected, you’ll get an in-depth explanation of the explanations for rejection. You may have the option to appeal the decision or submit a new application addressing the issues raised by UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI). 

The processing timeframe of an Adult Dependent Relative Visa application may fluctuate. Typically, it takes 24 weeks for UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) to decide. 

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The information provided in our articles is intended solely for guidance and should not be considered legal advice. We do not assume responsibility for any liabilities arising from the information in written articles and recommend that all readers seek professional advice before taking any action. For those wishing to discuss their case with a professional, please feel free to contact us directly.

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